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      英语阅读

      专业四级专业八级中考英语高考英语自考英语托福托业公共英语GREGMAT

      备考:最全专八改错常考点

      lzy 于2017-10-11发布 l 已有人浏览
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      备考:最全专八改错常考点

       【1】固定搭配(箭头右边表示正?#36820;?#25645;配)

      1. in return to → in return for 报答

      2. substitute A with B → substitute A for B 用A代替B

      3. account 20% → account for 20% 占据…比例

      4. attitude on life → attitude towards/to life 对生活的态度

      5. in a quick speed → at a quick speed 高速

      6. with many respects → in many respects 在许多方面

      7. considerations to… → considerations for… 考虑

      8. become victims of … → become victims to … 成为牺牲品

      9. the problems with the government → the problems for the government 政府的难题

      10. resistance of → resistance to 抵抗

      11. embark sth. → embark on sth. 着手做某事

      12. at advance of sth. → in advance of sth. 提前,在…之前

      13. interpret… to → interpret… as 把…解释为…

      14. take pride of → take pride in ?#26223;?/p>

      15. leap out to… → leap out at… 扑过来

      16. inject them lethal strains → inject them withlethalstrains 注射

      17. charge him with the same price → charge himwiththe same price 收费

      18. imbalance of A and B → imbalance between A and B A与B间的不平衡

      19. fortify sb. for sth. → fortify sb. against sth. 加强…以抵御…

      20. cast/ throw/ shed light to sth. → cast/throw/ shed light on sth. 给…提供线索

      21. in proportion with → in proportion to 与…成比例

      22. pay for it with dollars → pay for it in dollars 用美元支付

      23. be in liberty to → be at liberty to 不受限制或支配

      24. be contrasted to → be contrasted with 形成反差,对立

      25. commit an offence to → commit an offence against 犯罪行为

      26. ability of (doing) sth. → ability in (doing) sth. 做某事的能力

      27. defend sth. against → defend sth. from 保护不受伤害

      28. at the first place → in the first place 首先

      29. take to do → take to doing 求助于,开始

      30. yearn to → yearn for ?#37322;?/p>

      31. at average → on average ?#39556;?/p>

      32. identify oneself to → identify oneself with 参加到…中

      33. be successful on doing → be successful at/in doing 成功做某事

      34. get one’s teeth on → get one’s teeth into 埋头做,认真做

      35. approach to do … → approach to doing … 做某事的方法

      36. succeed doing sth. → succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事

      37. demand of luxury goods → demand for luxury goods 对奢侈?#36820;男?#27714;

      38. differ A from B → distinguish A from B 把A和B区分开

      【2】形近异义词的区分

      1. adapt v. 适合,改写 – adopt v. 采纳;收养

      2. confirm v. 批准,?#21857;?– conform v. ?#38469;?/p>

      3. former adj. 前者的 – formal adj. 正式的

      4. diary n. 日记 – dairy n. 牛?#22363;?/p>

      5. personal adj.私?#35828;?– personnel n.人员

      6. beside prep. 在…旁边 – besides adv. 除了

      7. principal adj. 主要的 – principle n. 原则

      8. conscious n. 意识 – conscientious adj. 认真负责的,良心的

      9. stationary adj.固定的,不动的 – stationery n. 文具,办公用品

      10. considerate adj. 体贴的 – considerable adj. 大量的

      11. affect v. 影响 – effect n. 影响

      12. contact v. 联系 – contract v. 收缩

      13. moral adj. 道德的 – morale n. ?#31185;?/p>

      14. industrious adj. 勤奋的 – industrial adj. 工业的

      15. desert n. 沙漠;v. 抛弃 – dessert n. 甜品

      16. require v. 要求 – acquire v. 获得,习得 – inquire v.咨询

      17. presence n. 出现,出席 – presentation n. ?#25925;?/p>

      18. transformation n. 改变 – transmission n. 传播

      19. value n. 价值 – evaluate v. 评估,测评

      20. tense n. 时态;adj. 紧的 – tension n. 紧张

      21. cooker n. 厨具 – cook n. 厨师

      22. complexity n. 复杂性– complex n. 合成体

      23. insurance n. 保险 – assurance n. 担保

      24. provide v. 提供 – provided/providing 如果

      25. perceive v. 理解 – conceive v. 构想,设想

      26. effective adj. ?#34892;?#30340; – affective adj. 受…影响的

      27. latter adj. 后面的 – later adj. 后来

      28. late adj. 迟的,已故的 – latest adj.最晚的,最新的

      29. farther adj.距离更远 – further adj.程度更进一步

      30. healthy adj.健康的 – healthful adj.?#24184;?#20581;康的

      31. continual adj.连续的 – continuous adj.?#20013;?#19981;断的

      32. respectable adj.可敬的; 体面的 – respectful adj.表示尊敬的

      33. historic adj.有历史意义的 – historical adj.有关历?#36820;?/p>

      34. rise vi. 起立;升起?#21804;?#22768;音)提高 – raise vt. 举起;种植;唤醒;提出;鼓起

      35. producing v. 生产 – productive adj. 产量高的

      36. lonely adj.精神上寂寞 – alone adj.单独,一个人

      37. across prep. 从中间穿过(介词) – cross v. 穿过(动词)

      38. permit n. 通行证 – permission n. ?#24066;?/p>

      39. memorizing v. 记住 – memorable adj. 值得纪念的

      40. normal n.常态,通常标准 – norm n. 规范,行为标准

      41. acceptability n. 可接受性 – acceptance n. 接受

      42. economical adj. 节俭的 – economic adj. 经济的

      43. agent n. 代理人 – agency n. 代理机构

      44. reward n. 回馈 – award n. 奖赏

      45. special adj. 特殊的 – specific adj. 特定的

      【3】逻辑连词:根据上下文逻辑关系,选择正?#36820;?#36923;辑连词

      1. therefore – nevertheless/however (大部分therefore?#23478;?#25913;为however)

      2. and – but

      3. but – because

      4. moreover – however

      5. after – before

      6. since – although

      7. that – if

      8. from now on – from then on

      9. all – none

      10. if – unless

      11. besides – except

      12. therefore – because

      13. so – because

      14. that’s why +结果 – that’s because +原因

      【4?#25239;?#35789;:不定冠词、定冠词、零冠词

      (1)冠词多余

      1. on the either side –> on either side

      2. in the Europe –> in Europe

      3. in the winter –> in winter (季节前不加冠词)

      4. take the issue –> take issue(对…持异议,不同意)

      (2)冠词缺漏

      1. among most –> among the most

      2. one of first –> one of the first

      3. atmosphere –>the atmosphere(表示独一无二的事物)

      4. between us and rest –> between us and the rest

      5. in minority –> in the minority

      6. around floor –> around the floor

      7. piano –>the piano (乐器前要有定冠词)

      8. English language –>the English language

      9. at heart of –> at the heart of

      10. in long run –> in the long run

      【5】形容词副词混用:形容?#24066;?#39280;名词,副?#24066;?#39280;动词、形容词或整个句子

      1. be well equipped as –> be as well equipped as

      2. heavy industrialized –>heavily-industrialized

      3. spread colossal –> spread colossally

      4. similar strong –>similarly strong

      5. feel hopeless thwarted –> feel hopelessly thwarted

      6. comparative high proportion –>comparatively high proportion

      7. in the passed 5 years –> in the past 5 years

      8. culture embedded attitudes –>culturally embedded attitudes

      9. increasing – increasingly

      10. simple – simply

      11. pure – purely

      12. much – many

      【6】成分残缺、多余

      1. a world which I could get… – a world in which I could get…

      2. the idea shows – the idea that shows (先行?#35797;?#23450;语从句中作主语,关系代词不可省略)

      3. take for granted that – take it for granted that

      4. one of the most glaring form – one of the most glaring forms

      5. their jobs engage in their interest – their jobs engage their interest (engage单独使用表示“占用(某人时间),吸引(某人注意力)”)

      6. complain about sth. – complain sth.

      7. work sth. – work out sth.

      8. believe in – believe (believe单独使用表示?#35805;?#30340;“相信”,believe in表示“信?#25991;?#20154;,信仰…”)

      9. 20 percents – 20 percent

      10. eyes contact – eye contact

      11. seven – seventh

      12. the process which it function – the process by which it function

      13. communication service – communications service (通?#27431;?#21153;、通讯服务)

      14. average incomes – average income (income为不可数名词)

      15. the like of – the likes of (诸如此类的)

      16. be referred to XX – be referred to as XX

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