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      苹果手表研究报告:iWatch成功辨别心脏健康问题

      kira86 于2019-03-22发布 l 已有人浏览
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      苹果公司联合斯坦福大学医学院对苹果手表的心率心电功能进行了研究,研究结果称,苹果手表能通过心电监测心率异常,及早发现心脏健康问题。
        小E英语?#38431;?#24744;,请点击播放按钮开?#30142;?#25918;……

      苹果心电.jpg
      Apple Watch Study Reports Success Identifying Heart Problem

      苹果手表研究报告称:成功辨别心脏问题

      A new study suggests the Apple Watch was able to identify abnormal heart rates that could be linked to a serious heart condition.

      一项新的研究表明,苹果智能手表能够辨别出可能与?#29616;?#24515;脏疾病有关的心率异常。

      More than 400,000 Apple Watch users volunteered for the study. It was a project of researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

      超过40万名苹果智能手表用户自愿参与这项研究,这项研究是由斯坦福大学医学院研究人员执行的项目。

      Apple, the American technology company, provided money for the study. Results were recently presented at a major conference on heart health in New Orleans, Louisiana.

      美国科技公司苹果公司为这项研究提供了资金。研究结果最近在路易斯阿那州新奥尔良举行的心脏健康大会上公布。

      The researchers looked for signs of atrial fibrillation, the most common form of irregular heartbeat. The condition, also called "a-fib," results from the abnormal firing of electrical signals in the upper chambers of the heart.

      研究人员留意心房颤动(简称房颤)的迹象,房颤是最常见的心律失常。这种情况也被称为“心房纤颤”(atrial fibrillation),是由心脏上?#24247;?#24515;?#24247;?#27874;电信号异常引起的。

      Some people with atrial fibrillation feel changes in their heartbeat, while others do not. Because of this, many people do not know they have the condition.

      一些患有心房纤颤的人感觉到了心跳的变化,而另一些人则并没有注意?#20581;?#27491;因为如此,许多人并不知道他们有这种情况。

      People with untreated a-fib are about five times more likely to suffer a stroke. In the United States, a-fib causes an estimated 130,000 deaths and 750,000 hospitalizations each year.

      患有心房纤颤而未经治疗的人患中风的可能性是正常人的五倍。在美国,“心房纤颤”估计每年导致13万人死亡,75万人住院。

      People taking part in the study wore the Apple Watch for extended periods during 2017 and 2018. The devices contain an app that continuously gathers information without users having to do anything. It uses the watch's light sensor technology to measure blood flow. The system is designed to identify changes that might show an irregular heartbeat.

      参与研究的对象在2017年和2018年期间长期佩戴苹果手表,手表上?#24184;?#20010;可以?#20013;?#25910;集信息的应用程序,用户无需额外做任?#38382;隆?#31243;序利用手表的光传感技术来测量血液流量。该系?#25345;?#22312;判别可能表明心跳不规则的变化。

      The researchers said that out of those taking part, about 2,000 subjects received a warning from the device that they might have a problem.

      研究人员表示,在这些参与者?#26657;?#22823;约有2000名受试者收到了来自设备的提醒,提醒他们(的心脏)可能有问题。

      Those individuals were then asked to contact a doctor, who decided whether they should receive a patch to more closely watch for a possible irregular heartbeat. The patch uses electrocardiography, or ECG technology. Electrocardiography is the process of measuring and recording electrical signals in the heart.

      然后要求这些人与医生联系,医生决定他们是否应该贴一个(心电)贴片,?#21592;?#26356;密切地观察不规则心跳情况。该贴片运用的是心电描记术,又称心电?#25216;际酢?#24515;电描记术是测量?#22270;?#24405;心脏电信号的过程。

      The study found that about 84 percent of the time, those who received warnings of irregular heartbeat activity were found to be experiencing a-fib at the time. Of those who received warnings and followed up by using an ECG patch, one third were found later to have a-fib.

      研究发现,那些收到心跳有不规则活动警告的人?#26657;?#26377;84%的?#35828;?#26102;在经历心房纤颤。在那些收到警告随后又通过心电贴片进行观察的患者?#26657;?#19977;分之一的人后来被发现患有心房纤颤。

      Overall, about 57 percent of those taking part in the study sought some kind of medical attention, researchers said.

      研究人员称,总体来看,约57%的参与者寻求了医疗帮助。

      Lloyd Minor is head of Stanford's School of Medicine. In a statement, he said the results show great promise in using technology to create "more predictive and preventive health care."

      劳埃德·米纳是斯坦福大学医学院院长。他在一份声明中表示,研究结果显示,在利用技术创造“更具预测?#38498;?#39044;防性的医疗保健”方面前景广阔。

      Doctor Minor added that a-fib is just one example of a condition devices can help identify in the future. "This study opens the door to further research into wearable technologies and how they might be used to prevent disease before it strikes," he said.

      米纳博士补充道,心房纤颤只是未来利?#33945;?#22791;帮助诊断病情的条件之一。他说:“这项研究为进一步研究可佩戴技术以及如何在疾病发作前预防疾病方面打开了大门”

      But some health researchers warned against making any general judgements based on the Apple-financed study. They have called for much more research to measure the effectiveness of wearable devices to identify signs of disease.

      但一些健康研究人?#26412;?#21578;称,不要根据苹果公司?#25163;?#30340;这项研究做出任何笼统的判断。他们呼吁进行更多的研究,?#38498;?#37327;可佩戴设备识别疾病迹象的?#34892;?#24615;。

      Richard Kovacs is with the American College of Cardiology. He was not involved with the study. Doctor Kovacs told the Associated Press that despite the results, the Apple Watch system "is not perfect." He noted that since the study did not have a comparison group getting regular ECG measurements, there is no way of knowing if the device missed heartbeat problems. This could give users a false sense of security, he said.

      理查德·科瓦奇就职于美国心脏病学院。他没有参与这项研究。科瓦奇博士告诉美联社,虽然结果如此,但苹果手表系统“并不完美”。他指出,由于这项研究没有让对照组定期进行心电图测量,因此无法知道?#33945;?#22791;是否存在漏测某些心跳问题的情况。他表示,?#39274;?#33021;会给用户一?#25191;?#35823;的(手表没有发出警告,心脏就很健康)安全?#23567;?/p>

      Other experts agreed that more studies are needed before similar device-based health observation systems are widely recommended.

      其他专家一致认为,在广泛推荐类似的基于设备的健康观察系?#25345;?#21069;,还需要进行更多研究。

      I would not advise this to the overall general population, said Valentin Fuster, director of New York's Mount Sinai Heart system and a former American Heart Association president. He said he would rather see such systems tested in people with additional health risks, such as older adults with high blood pressure.

      纽约西奈山心脏系?#25345;?#20219;、美国心脏协会前主席瓦伦丁·福斯特说:“我不建议所有的普通民众这样做。”他表示,他更愿?#39274;?#21040;这样的系统在有额外健康风险的人群中进行测试,?#28909;?#24739;高血压的老年人。

      I'm Bryan Lynn.

      我是布莱恩·林恩。

      小e英语Jewel翻译!

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